Saturday, November 15, 2014

Notable Indians who lived in China

Hui Li
Hui Li  was an Indian Buddhist monk who visited China in the 4th century. He is the founder of the Lingyin temple (328AD). The name is also written Huili.
1024px-Kumarajiva_at_Kizil_Caves,_Kuqa Kumārajīva(334–413 CE) was a Kuchean Buddhist monk, scholar, and translator. He first studied teachings of the Sarvāstivāda schools, later studied under Buddhasvāmin, and finally became a Mahāyāna adherent, studying the Mādhyamaka doctrine of Nāgārjuna. Kumārajīva settled in Chang'an, which was the imperial capital of China. He is mostly remembered for the prolific translation of Buddhist texts written in Sanskrit to Chinese he carried out during his later life.
Dwarkanath Shantaram Kotnis
Dwarkanath Shantaram Kotnis (10 October 1910 in Solapur, Maharashtra, India – 9 December 1942, in China;was one of five Indian physicians dispatched to China to provide medical assistance during the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1938. Besides being known for his dedication and perseverance, he has also been regarded as an example for Sino-Indian friendship and collaboration.
Along with the Canadian Dr. Norman Bethune, he continues to be revered by the Chinese people. In April 2005, both their graves were covered completely in flowers donated by the Chinese people during the Qingming Festival, a day used by the Chinese to commemorate their ancestors.
There were two Indian Buddhist masters named Buddhabhadra, also known as Bodhidharma in China during the 5th century CE. This article is about the Shaolin abbot. The other was a translator.The Indian dhyana master Buddhabhadra also known as Bodhidharma was the first abbot of Shaolin Monastery.
Former Worthies Gather at the Mount Shuang-feng Stūpa and Each Talks of the Dark Principle contains the following reference to him:
Dhyana Master Buddha says: "The extreme principle is wordless. The sagely mind is unimpeded."
According to the Deng Feng County Recording (Deng Feng Xian Zhi), Bátuó came to China in 464 CE and preached Nikaya Buddhism for thirty years. Thirty-one years later, in 495, the Shaolin Monastery was built by the order of Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei for Batuo's preaching.Bátuó's disciples Sengchou[1] and Huiguang were both expert in the martial arts by the time they began their studies of religion with Batuo
BodhiruciBodhiruci was a Buddhist monk and esoteric master from North India (6th century CE) active in the area of Loyang, China. His 39 translated works include the Sutra on the Ten Grounds and commentary, and the Shorter Sukhāvati Sutra with commentary.
Bodhidharma was a Buddhist monk who lived during the 5th or 6th century CE. He is traditionally credited as the transmitter of Ch'an to China, and regarded as its first Chinese patriarch. According to Chinese legend, he also began the physical training of the Shaolin monks that led to the creation of Shaolinquan.
Little contemporary biographical information on Bodhidharma is extant, and subsequent accounts became layered with legend. The principal Chinese sources vary on their account of Bodhidharma's origins.Aside from the Chinese accounts, several popular traditions also exist regarding Bodhidharma's origins.
The accounts also differ on the date of his arrival, with one early account claiming that he arrived during the Liú Sòng Dynasty (420–479) and later accounts dating his arrival to the Liáng Dynasty (502–557). Bodhidharma was primarily active in the lands of the Northern Wèi Dynasty (386–534). Modern scholarship dates him to about the early 5th century.
Several stories about Bodhidharma have become popular legends, which are still being used in the Ch'an and Zen tradition.
Bodhidharma's teachings and practice centered on meditation and the Lankavatara Sutra.
The Anthology of the Patriarchal Hallidentifies Bodhidharma as the 28th Patriarch of Buddhism in an uninterrupted line that extends all the way back to the Buddha himself.
Amoghavajra was a prolific translator who became one of the most politically powerful Buddhist monks in Chinese history and is acknowledged as one of the Eight Patriarchs of the Doctrine in Shingon Buddhism.

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