Sunday, June 7, 2015

Ravindra Kaushik :A forgotten Spy of India

Ravindra Kaushik (1952–2001) was a former RAW agent,A.K.A Black Tiger is the most renowned spy of India.Ravinder Kaushik was born in Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan on April 11, 1952. He was a famous theater artist and displayed his talent at the national level dramatic meet in Lucknow, which was witnessed by some officials of the Indian Intelligence Agency RAW.He was contacted and offered a job for being an undercover agent of India in Pakistan. At the age of 23, he was sent to Pakistan on a mission.
Ravinder Kaushik was recruited by RAW and was given extensive training in Delhi for two years. Circumcision was performed on him to show him as a Muslim. He was taught Urdu, given religious education and acquainted with the topography and other details about Pakistan. Being from Sri Ganganager, he was well versed in the Punjabi language which is spoken in major part of Pakistan.

In 1975 he was sent to Pakistan and given the name Nabi Ahmed Shakir. He was successful in getting admission in Karachi University and completed his LLB. He joined Pakistan Army and became a commissioned officer and later was promoted to the rank of a Major. He converted to Islam, married a local girl Amanat, and became father of a son who also died on 2012-2013.From 1979 to 1983, while in military service, he passed on valuable information to RAW which was of great help to the Indian defence forces.He was given the title of 'Black Tiger' by India's then home minister S.B. Chavan.Some testify that the title was conferred by then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.He spent 26 years of his life away from his home and family in Pakistan in very unfavourable conditions.In September 1983, Indian intelligence agencies had sent an agent, Inyat Masiha, to get in touch with Black Tiger. But the agent was caught by Pakistan’s intelligence agencies and revealed Ravinder Kaushik's true identity.

Kaushik was then captured, tortured for two years at an interrogation centre in Sialkot. Ravinder was awarded death sentence in the year 1985. His sentence was later commuted to a life term by the Pakistan Supreme court.Kaushik was kept in various jails, including Sialkot, Kot Lakhpat and in Mianwali jail for 16 years, where he contracted Asthma and TB. He managed to secretly send letters to his family in India, which revealed his poor health condition and the trauma faced by him in Pakistani jails.

In one of his letters he wrote,

"Kya Bharat jaise bade desh ke liye kurbani dene waalon ko yahi milta hai?" (Is this the reward a person gets for sacrificing his life for a great nation like India?)

On 21 November 2001, he succumbed to pulmonary tuberculosis and heart disease in New Central Jail Multan. He was buried behind that jail.

Tuesday, June 2, 2015

Mi4i:Specifications

GENERAL FEATURES

20150421-170418-05

Form:Bar

SIM Size:Micro SIM

Touch Screen:Yes

SIM Type
LTE + LTE, (Dual Standby)

Model ID:MZB4343IN

In the Box
Handset, Charger, USB Cable, User Guide

MULTIMEDIA

Video Player:Yes, Full HD

FM:Yes

Music Player:Yes, Supports MP3

CAMERA:Video Recording:Yes, 1920 x 1080

Other Camera Features
Integrated Flash Support, Supports Beautify, Refocus, f/2.0, Sony/Samsung IMX214 Camera, 5-element Lens, Stacked CMOS Sensor, Full HD (Rear Camera)

HD Recording:HD, Full HD

Rear Camera:Yes, 13MP

Front Facing Camera:Yes, 5MP

INTERNET & CONNECTIVITY

Audio Jack:3.5 mm

Preinstalled Browser:MIUI Browser, Chrome Browser, Android

Bluetooth:Yes, v4.1, Supported Profiles (LE)

4G:Yes

Navigation Technology
A-GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou, with Google Maps

Wifi
Yes, 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac

Internet Features:Email

EDGE:Yes

GPRS:Yes

Tethering:USB

USB Connectivity:Yes, OTG Compatible

3G:Yes

OTHER FEATURES

Sensors:Gyroscope, Light Sensor, Accelerometer, eCompass, Proximity Sensor

Phone Book Memory:Yes

SMS Memory:Yes

Call Memory:Yes

SAR Value:1.290 W/Kg

Additional Features:
WLAN Support, Wi-Fi Direct, Wi-Fi Tethering, Voice Calling

DIMENSIONS

Weight:130 g

Size:69.6x138.1x7.8 mm

DISPLAY

20150421-170400-02

Resolution
Full HD, 1920 x 1080 Pixels

Other Display Features
JDI Display, All New Sunlight Display, 441 PPI

Size:5 Inches

WARRANTY

Warranty Summary
1 year manufacturer warranty for Phone and 6 months warranty for in the box accessories

BATTERY

Type
Li-Ion Polymer, 3120 mAh

MEMORY AND STORAGE

Memory
2 GB RAM, 16 GB ROM

Internal
16 GB

User Memory
12.77 GB

PLATFORM

Operating Freq
GSM - 850, 900, 1800, 1900; WCDMA - 2100; 4G: LTE (FDD) - Band 3 (1800), LTE (TD) - Band 40 (2300)

User Interface
MIUI 6

Graphics:Adreno 405

OS:Android v5.0.2 (Lollipop)

Processor
1.7 GHz + 2nd-gen Snapdragon 615 64-bit octa-core

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